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Periodontitis, an inflammatory disease affecting the gums and bone supporting the teeth, has been associated with various factors. New research has shed light on a case of early-onset periodontitis in a 12-year-old girl, which was found to be accompanied by a severe deficiency in vitamin D.

This case serves as a crucial reminder to clinicians about the potential connection between periodontal health and micronutrient deficiencies, urging early diagnosis and treatment to prevent associated health issues.

The patient, a 12-year-old girl, presented with concerns about gingival redness, bleeding during tooth brushing, and the mobility of her mandibular anterior teeth. These symptoms persisted for two months, causing difficulty in mastication. Despite no relevant family or systemic disease history, serological microelement tests revealed that the patient’s vitamin D levels were significantly lower than the normal range. Additionally, an immunological test showed an abnormal CD4+/CD8+ (CD3+CD4+/CD3+CD8+) ratio.

After thorough clinical and serological examinations, the young patient was ultimately diagnosed with early-onset periodontitis accompanied by vitamin D deficiency. The discovery highlights the multifaceted nature of periodontal diseases and their potential link to micronutrient imbalances.

The patient underwent a comprehensive treatment plan that consisted of three main components: periodontal therapy, vitamin D supplementation, and oral hygiene instructions. Over the course of one year, significant progress was observed. Periodontal conditions improved and eventually stabilized, while serological vitamin D levels returned to the normal range. This case demonstrates the importance of early intervention in addressing periodontal issues associated with micronutrient deficiencies.

Early-onset periodontitis is typically not linked to vitamin D deficiency, but this case demonstrates the importance of thorough patient assessments and considering various factors in diagnosis. We need to be vigilant in our practice and consider the possibility of micronutrient abnormalities in similar cases.

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The implications of this research extend beyond the individual patient. Vitamin D plays a crucial role in immune function and overall health, and its deficiency can lead to a range of problems, from bone health to immune system dysfunction. Clinicians are urged to keep this case in mind, ensuring that they explore potential micronutrient imbalances when presented with similar periodontal issues in patients of all ages.

In conclusion, this case of early-onset periodontitis accompanied by vitamin D deficiency highlights the importance of a comprehensive approach to diagnosis and treatment. The successful outcome of this case serves as a reminder to clinicians that micronutrient abnormalities may be associated with periodontal diseases. Early diagnosis and treatment can not only prevent dental complications but also help avoid potential systemic health disorders.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37773856/

Authors

  • Made with ❤ for Dentists by Dentists!

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  • Dr.Zainab Rangwala completed her graduation from the Goverment Dental College,Jamnagar.. Practicing since 6 years, she has a keen interest in new advances in the field of health.She is currently the head of Media and PR in Dentalreach.

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